An anal fissure is a cut or tear in the lining of the anus. Anal fissures typically cause pain and bleeding during or after a bowel movement. Anal fissures can emerge in anyone at any age. An anal fissure most often occurs when passing large or hard stools. Chronic constipation or frequent diarrhea can also tear the skin near your anus. If an anal fissure symptoms doesn’t improve with conservative therapies and cause discomfort, you may need surgery or your doctor may look for other underlying conditions that can cause anal fissures.
Primary fissures : are often non-threatening and short-lived in nature and are caused by injury to the local tissues. The injury could be caused by passing hard feces, chronic diarrhea, vaginal delivery, repeated trauma, or anal intercourse.
Secondary fissures : These fissures are common in people who have had previous anus procedures, as well as those suffering from inflammatory bowel disease, infections, and even cancer. Continues for more than six weeks and may need surgery.
If a chronic anal fissure is resistant to other therapies and your symptoms are severe, the doctor may suggest surgery. Doctors usually perform a procedure called lateral internal sphincterotomy (LIS), which involves cutting a small portion of the anal sphincter muscle to reduce spasms and pain and allow the fissure to heal. The surgery can usually be performed on a daycare basis. Chronic fissures are more difficult to treat and surgery is much more effective than any medical treatment.
Fistula must be treated because they will not heal on their own
You will need to have surgery to cure the fistula, contact be well team .
Operation usually takes 30 minutes.
Be well hospitals provides world class treatment for fistula.