Tonsillitis is inflammation of the tonsils, two oval-shaped pads of tissue at the back of the throat, one tonsil on each side. Tonsillectomy refers to the surgical removal of the tonsils, which are two oval-shaped tissue pads located at the back of the throat, one on each side. Tonsillectomy was formerly a popular procedure for treating tonsil infection and inflammation (tonsillitis).
The tonsils are the first line of defense for your immune system against germs and viruses that enter your mouth. Because of this role, the tonsils may be more susceptible to infection and inflammation. However, following adolescence, the tonsil's immune system activity decreases, which may explain the uncommon instances of tonsillitis in adults.
To avoid the repeated occurrence of tonsillitis, a tonsillectomy may be advised. Tonsillitis that occurs on a regular basis is typically defined as:
If a bacterial infection producing tonsillitis does not improve with antibiotic therapy, then surgery may be advised.
A tonsillar abscess is caused by an infection that results in a collection of pus behind a tonsil. It does not improve with medication or drainage surgery.
Tonsils can become enlarged as a result of recurrent or severe infections, or they might be naturally big. A tonsillectomy may be used to treat the following issues that are caused or exacerbated by swollen tonsils:
Tonsil removal with forceps and scissors attached to a wire loop called a snare was once the most popular procedure used by otolaryngologists, but it has been completely superseded by alternative techniques. The patient is anesthetized for the surgery, during which the tonsils are fully removed and the residual tissue surface is cauterized. The patient will experience just minor postoperative bleeding. Recently several methods are available like Radiofrequency ablation, Electrocautery, Coblation tonsillectomy, Thermal Welding, Carbon dioxide laser, etc.
If tonsillitis is left untreated, a complication can develop called a peritonsillar abscess.
swelling of the tonsils from frequent or ongoing (chronic) tonsillitis can cause complications such as: Disrupted breathing during sleep
Side sleeping can help drain one side of your nasal passageways if one of them is more blocked than the other.
A peritonsillar abscess often causes pain in the ear of the affected side.