Kidneys remove waste and fluid from your blood to make urine. Sometimes when you have too much of certain waste and not enough fluid in your blood, these wastes can build up and stick together in your kidneys. These clumps of waste are called kidney stones. Anyone is susceptible to kidney stones but men are more likely to have kidney stones than women.
In this method, shock waves are used or break down the kidney stones into smaller pieces which then pass off through urine. Lithotripsy takes about 45 minutes to an hour to perform.
Ureteroscopy is an examination of the upper urinary tract, usually performed with a ureteroscope that is passed through the urethra and the bladder, and then directly into the ureter. This procedure is done under regional anesthesia (g4). The doctor uses a long tool shaped like a tube to find and break the stones.
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is used most often for larger stones. In this procedure, the doctor will insert a tube directly into the kidney to remove the stone. The recovery period is 2-3 days.
It usually takes a day or two.
Usually more than 6mm
It causes obstraction to the urine flow when make the kidney to swell up and get infected.
Any stone which is not removed.