Gynecomastia is an enlargement of male breast tissue caused by an imbalance of hormones in the body, with an excess of female hormones called estrogens when compared to male hormones called androgens.
Gynecomastia is common in men and boys at various phases of development, as well as in conjunction with specific medical disorders. True gynecomastia is defined by increased glandular tissue as opposed to fat (adipose) tissue. Pseudogynecomastia refers to the presence of fat tissue in the breast region.
To diagnose gynecomastia, the doctor will do a physical exam that includes a detailed examination of the breasts. In addition, the doctor will inquire about your personal medical history and any other health issues that run in your family. To establish the underlying cause of the disease, the doctor would prescribe the following tests:
A blood test is performed to determine the levels of testosterone and estrogen in the body. Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and free thyroxine levels are also measured to determine whether the patient has hyperthyroidism.
Mammography This technique uses low-dose X-rays to check the breasts for indications of breast cancer.
Imaging methods such as computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) would be recommended by your doctor to acquire clear pictures of the mammary tissues and glands.
Before surgery, the surgeon will frequently draw markings on the skin to identify the regions to be removed.
There are several surgical methods that can be used, including the following:
Suction lipectomy This is a type of liposuction that allows for the tapering of the tissue's borders without causing any undesirable side effects. Complex gynecomastia problems may necessitate an open surgical treatment in which an incision is made in the breast tissue and excess tissue is removed.
Endoscopic surgery This newer method examines the interior of the breast using a tiny, flexible tube with a light and a camera lens at the end (endoscope). The tissue is subsequently removed without the need for a large, open surgical incision.
Swelling, pain, discomfort or lumps, nipple discharge
Treatment may be necessary if Gynecomastia doesn't improve on its own
No. Gynecomastia is not permanent