Gallstones are solid particles that form in the gallbladder. Stones form as a result of the crystallization of bile, a fluid produced by the liver and secreted into the bowel via the bile ducts to aid in the digestion of fats.
Some gallstones do not cause any symptoms. If a gallstone blocks the gallbladder or the bile duct, it can cause inflammation and pain in the right upper abdomen, upper right shoulder, or between the shoulder blades that can last from a few minutes to several hours.
Gallstones come in a variety of shapes and sizes
Gallstones are classified into three types:
They are composed of cholesterol and salts. Mixed stones tend to develop in batches
Cholesterol stones are mostly composed of cholesterol, a fat-like molecule that is essential in numerous metabolic processes. Cholesterol stones can develop to the size of bile ducts.
Bile is greenish-brown in color due to the presence of certain pigments. Gallstones formed from bile pigment are often tiny and abundant.
General examinations such as physical examinations and x-rays
Ultrasound sound waves create an image that reveals the existence of gallstones.
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography is a type of endoscope test (ERCP). To increase the quality of x-ray images, a small tube is inserted through the esophagus and injects dye into the intestine.
Surgical procedure for removing the gallbladder, and it is done under general anesthesia. Below the rib cage, a single incision is made. The surgeon may see the region and remove the gallbladder through the incision.
Although open cholecystectomy is also performed under general anesthesia, laparoscopic cholecystectomy is less invasive and far more prevalent. It has a shorter hospital stay and a speedier healing period (usually just one night). Telescope-like equipment (a laparoscope) is placed through one incision, allowing the surgeon to see the inside of the abdomen on a television display, and surgical instruments are inserted through other incisions. The gallbladder is identified and removed through a belly button incision.
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
A flexible fiber-optic camera, or endoscope, is inserted into the patient's mouth and then passed through the digestive system and into the gallbladder.
The opening of the bile duct is widened using an electrically heated wire. The doctor can then either remove the stones or allow them to pass through the gut.
Pain in the right side of the abdomen, nausea, vomiting, pain in the right shoulder, indigestion
The doctor offers a blood test and an ultrasound scan of your abdomen to analyze gallstones.
Yes you can lead a normal life without a gallbladder