Orthopaedic

Know About Major Orthopaedic problems

Musculoskeletal problems impact hundreds of millions of people around the world. These problems can make people unable to work optimally or care for their families. The result is a loss of social status and severe psychological stress for them as well as their families.

Orthopaedic or musculoskeletal problems are an extensive number. They can be grouped based on anatomy, physical activity they affect, or the pain they cause. Orthopaedic problems can vary from being sudden and painful, demanding instant attention, to ongoing and nagging, requiring constant care and management.

Other than being born with musculoskeletal defects or having been in an accident, age and bad lifestyle are the other major causes of orthopaedic problems. Lack of physical activity in today’s work culture, and obesity due to poor food choices and no exercise lead to musculoskeletal problems.

A person is invariably bound to face orthopaedic problems in one’s lifetime. Locating the best orthopaedic center near you will help ease your stress, as treatment will require several visits.

Here is a list of some of the major musculoskeletal disorders.

  1. Osteoarthritis

A point where two bones meet to allow for movement of the body is known as a joint. Joint inflammation is known as arthritis.The cause: The thinning of the cartilage in a joint causes osteoarthritis.
Age, excessive, long-term, high intensity usage of the joint or some trauma to the body, are the main reasons for osteoarthritis.
The symptoms: Joint pain, inflammation of that area, tenderness, movement of that joint becoming limited.
Areas it can affect: hip; knee; and the joints of the hand, foot, and spine
Treatment: Joint replacement is most the effective treatment that immediately alleviates pain.

  1. Rheumatoid arthritis

The cause: A misdirected immune system attacks the joint tissue that produces lubrication fluid for the joints, leading to inflammation. A long-term inflammation of this tissue in turn leads to deformity caused by loosening joint ligaments and to the eroding away of cartilage and bone. It is the most generic form of poly arthritis (arthritis that occurs simultaneously in many joints of the body). It is a systemic disease, meaning it can involve other tissues in the body including lungs, skin and eyes. It will affect both sides of the body equally unlike osteoarthritis.  The symptoms: Pain, swelling, stiffness and loss of function of the joints.
Areas that it affects: Knees, hips and hands are the some of the commonly affected areas of the body.
Treatment: Depending on your age and what stage the condition is in your orthopaedic doctor will prescribe medication, physiotherapy or suggest joint replacement surgery if splints and physical therapy fails.

  1. Osteoporosis

Due to a reduction in bone mass and deterioration of the bone tissue, bones become fragile and prone to fracture.

The cause: Key factors for osteoporosis are genetics, lack of exercise, lack of calcium and vitamin D, smoking and drinking alcohol, a history of rheumatoid arthritis, low body weight and ageing. Low estrogen levels in women (which may occur in menopause or with surgical removal of both ovaries or during chemotherapy that may affect the ovaries) or low testosterone levels in men are also predominant causes of osteoporosis.

The symptoms: The most obvious symptoms of osteoporosis are fracture of the hip, legs, vertebra, clavicle, ribs and scapula. A person may start getting shorter or their upper back may start curving forward.

Treatment: If you start noticing height loss or a curving of the spine be sure to find the best orthopaedic hospital near you and get immediate care. Treatment includes exercise, getting sufficient sunlight, good diet, estrogen boosting drugs, and drugs for increasing bone density after consulting a good orthopaedic doctor. Of course, fractures demand immediate care.

These are a few of the common major orthopaedic problems prevalent in all societies. Find one of the best orthopaedic departments in Chennai in Bewell hospitals. The hospital offers comprehensive treatment for all Orthopaedic problems. Check out their facilities and services on http://www.bewellhospitals.in/

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